Lopburi Art

 

Lopburi Art is widely found in the Central, East and Northeast of Thailand. It can be dated around the 11th to 13th centuries AD. The culture was centred in the city of Lopburi and was much influenced by Khmer art and culture as it spread through Northeast Thailand. Because of this, Lopburi art is similar to the Khmer art of Cambodia.

 


Front - Luang Phor Sila in 'Naga Protected Posture: circa 7th - 13th century AD, Stone, Height 86 cm, Width (lap) 43 cm, Found at Chao Ram Cave, Amphoe Thung Saliam, Sukhothai Province. (Currently enshrined at Wat Thung Saliam, Sukhothai Province

Left - Head of Buddha: circa 12th century AD, Sandstone, Height 34 cm, Somdej Krommaphraya Damrongrajanubhap obtained the sculpture from Wat Chantaram, Amphoe Chaibadal, Lop Buri Province. It was formerly kept at Bangkok National Museum) before being moved for exhibition at Somdet Phra Narai National Museum, Lop Buri Province


Right - Buddha in 'Subduring Mara' (Maravijaya) Posture: circa 13th century AD, Bronze, Height 51.5 cm, Width 18.5 cm, Found in a grey stoneware jar of Khmer style buried behind the Science Building, Rajabhat Institute Thepsatri. (Currently on exhibition at Somdet Phra Narai National Museum, Lop Buri Province.

Buddha images created from the 11th century AD onward are characterized by a cranial protuberance in the form of three-tiered lotus petals. The hair band is featured and the hair is sometimes straight like human hair (occasionally curled). The cranial protuberance is come-shaped like a deity's crown. The head is decorated with a diadem or a face-frame. The facial features include a broad, slightly smiling face, thick lips, broad chin and earlobes that extend down to the shoulder. The Buddha would be shown wearing a robe draped diagonally with a straight edged mantle placed over the left shoulder and extending to the navel. The image would be posed upon a distinctive lotus petal base, featuring a unique border design around the lotus petal edges.

 

Naga-Protected Buddha The finial was formed in the shape of a lotus bud or an orb and the Buddha's robe would feature a distinct curvature at the waist. Images were usually carved in the meditation posture, seated with folded legs and the Naga heads forming a protective taper above the Buddha's head.

 

Naga-Protected Buddha in Royal Attire The finial expression is rather stern. The diadem featured a small band inserted in the centre and the petals in the lotus base sometimes included downturned lotus petals.